|Headquarters:||Starfleet Command Headquarters, |
|Primary Mission:||Peaceful exploration, |
and planetary defence
|Motto:||Ad Astra Per Aspera |
(“Through Hardship to the Stars”)
|Leadership:||As of 2155:|
President Lydia Littlejohn (Government/Civilian)
Thomas Vanderbilt (Government/Civilian)
Fleet Admiral Moira Hathaway
Board of Directors:
Starfleet Command Council
The United Earth Starfleet, most commonly referred to as Starfleet, is the formal division for the United Earth Commonwealth responsible for Earth’s space program, as well as research primarily aimed at astronautics. It was originally a branch of the United Earth Space Probe Agency (UESPA), the independent global civilian administration of the government that manages all matters regarding space exploration. At the end of 2155, Starfleet was federalised by President Lydia Littlejohn when the Romulan Star Empire was about to attack Earth, effectively placing Starfleet within the Commonwealth’s military branches.
Starfleet’s motto is “Ad Astra Per Aspera” which is Latin for “Through Hardship to the Stars”. The flagship of Starfleet, by 2151 was the Enterprise (NX-01).
From 2065, two years after the historic first human warp flight, the UESPA began operating as a multi-national agency that aimed to further develop humanity’s space exploration efforts and subsequent research into such matters. The UESPA, being civilian operated, was separate from any one nation government and promoted the best that humanity had to offer. The UESPA came a symbol of hope for the world, it showed everyone what humans could achieve when they worked together for the common good. Many professionals from all walks of life joined the UESPA to further expand its goals. Research and discovery from all corners of the world made it a success.
By 2113, the UESPA had achieved a number of successful missions and projects. This ranged from developing the warp drive further to establishing bases and stations beyond Earth. A bulk of Earth’s technological breakthroughs came from the UESPA too. Their work, for the most, had been overseen (and in some rare cases supported) by the Vulcan Confederacy through their own diplomats, consultants and advisors. However, the UESPA wanted to go further and begin developing its deep-space program. They had already sent out a number of probes to explore, send back data and telemetry about what laid beyond the Sol system, but they needed to do more. As a result of this and seeing the need to develop a formal division that would represent Earth’s interests, it was decided to create a new branch of the UESPA. Starfleet was created and officially founded in 2135. It’s mandate, at the time, was to begin work on Earth’s deep space exploration program and create a new warp drive that would take humans further beyond their homeworld.
Starfleet was a lot more formal compared to the UESPA. Where the UESPA was more civilian based, led by an administrator and directors, Starfleet would use militaristic terms, loosely based on navy traditions. However, in Starfleet’s charter it was originally stated that Starfleet would not be part of Earth’s Global Defence Force (GDF) that operated all military issues for the United Earth Government.
After a number of deep-space ships had been launched in the 2150s, Earth had discovered that a number of other species, that were warp capable, were quite aggressive. This resulted in Earth entering into a war with the Romulan Star Empire by 2155. During the height of the war, the President of the United Earth Commonwealth, formally federalised Starfleet as a branch of Earth’s military forces. She had also appointed the Starfleet Commander-in-Chief as the Chairperson of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at this time too.
Leadership & Departments
Starfleet Command is the principle body that oversees all departments, agencies and divisions of Starfleet. It operates from Starfleet Command Headquarters, San Francisco, Earth. It is led by the Starfleet Commander-in-Chief, who in turn is supported by the Starfleet Command Council. Starfleet Command is filled with members of the admiralty and their staff. Starfleet Command Headquarters is located in San Francisco, United States of America.
Starfleet Commander in Chief
Starfleet is led by the Starfleet Commander-in-Chief who has direct oversight and leadership of all Starfleet members, ships, stations and facilities. The C-in-C normally holds the rank of Fleet Admiral and delegates responsibilities to other departments within Starfleet that are led by other high-ranking officers that hold the position of director. The C-in-C reports to the UESPA’s Administrator and the Prime Minister of the Earth. In some occasions they may report directly to President of Earth, who is the overall Commander-in-Chief of Earth’s governmental assets, including military and non-military ones. The UESPA Inspector General is the only other position that is higher than the C-in-C to ensure appropriate oversight of the organisation. The C-in-C normally issues orders to departments heads, however on rare occasions has the authority to provide those orders to the commanding officers of those units directly. The C-in-C holds offices at Starfleet Command Headquarters in San Francisco.
The C-in-C has the right and responsibility to share their duties out among heads of departments. The C-in-C and these heads are all members of the Starfleet Command Council. The Command Council meet on a monthly basis to discuss all matters of Starfleet, however in a matter of urgency the C-in-C can call for an extraordinary/emergency meeting if its required. The Command Council acts in a fashion typical to a board of directors. Its chamber is located on the basement floor of Starfleet Command Headquarters.
The Starfleet Commander, sometimes referred to as the Commanding Officer of Starfleet Command, is the second highest ranking member of the admiralty and is the flag officer that has overall command of Starfleet Command Headquarters. This includes not just the buildings on Earth, but all of the facilities and bases within the Sol system.
Executive Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief
Like in most organisations, the senior most position is supported with administration duties with an executive secretary. Within Starfleet Command, the Executive Secretary reports directly to the C-in-C. They are responsible for maintaining the Office of the Commander-in-Chief and oversees their scheduling. They are seen as the senior most officer who oversees all administrative work within Starfleet Command. They are also in charge of maintaining and keeping records, documents, and “minutes” from meetings. They are also the Clerk to the Command Council. The Executive Secretary oversees other Secretaries and Personal Assistants for members of the Command Council too. The Executive Secretary normally holds the minimum rank of Commander.
Starfleet Operations has oversight of all assets that belong to Starfleet. The department is responsible for deploying assets and allocating appropriate resources to support missions and projects. The Director of Starfleet Operations is the head of this department. The holder of this post has a minimum rank of Rear Admiral and has an office at Starfleet Command Headquarters. Starfleet Operations has a number of sub-departments and divisions within it. Starfleet Operations operates out of Starfleet Command Headquarters.
Fleet Operations is a sub-department of Starfleet Operations. It coordinates movement and deployment of the ships within Starfleet. It is overseen by a Deputy Director, who normally holds the rank of captain. The Fleet Operations Centre is located in Maine County, San Francisco.
Mission Control is a sub-department of Starfleet Operations. It oversees and manages all aerospace flights and test flights for new engines, ship designs and other technologies. It is overseen by a Deputy Director who delegates to Flight Directors individual projects or missions. The Deputy Director normally holds the rank of captain. Mission Control Centre is located at the Fleet Operations Centre and has other support bases located around Earth at sites that were once ran by former space agencies.
Starfleet Training Command
Starfleet Training Command, referred to as STC, is the principle education institute for all Starfleet personnel. They operate a range of courses that prepare its members for work within Starfleet itself. To become an officer a four-year course is provided, while those who wish to become enlisted members there is a shorter training programme. STC is led by the STC Commandant, who is the principal officer. They normally hold the minimum rank of commodore. STC has its main campus within San Francisco and has a range of training sites and camps around Earth as well as other facilities within the Commonwealth.
Starfleet Corps of Engineers
Commonly known as the SCE, the Corps of Engineers is a Starfleet department that is in charge of the building, maintenance and development of Starfleet’s ships, bases and stations. They are also involved with specialized engineering problems and work closely with the UESPA’s Research and Development Division. The Corps of Engineers is overseen by a Director (sometimes known as the Chief of Engineers) who holds a minimum rank of commodore. The main offices for the Starfleet Corps of Engineers is located in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Starship Design & Construction Bureau
The Bureau is designated with the task in overseeing the creation of new classes of ships. They are also responsible for overseeing construction yards, while repair yards are handled by Starfleet Operations. The SDCB is overseen by a deputy director with the minimum rank of captain. The main building for the SDCB is situated in Sydney, Australia.
The Facilities Management is a sub-department of the SCE that is responsible for the maintenance of all Starfleet bases, stations and centres. This sub-department is overseen by a deputy director with the minimum rank of commander. Facilities Management operates out of the main SCE offices in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Special Projects Division
The SPD is a sub-department of the SCE that breaks off into ten teams that are assigned special projects that require innovative and creative solutions to them. The SPD is overseen by a deputy director with the rank of captain and each team is led by a commander. The Special Projects Division has its base placed next to the SDCB in Sydney.
Starfleet Science is the department that oversees all research carried out by science officers. The department is led by a director, with the minimum rank of commodore with a deputy at the rank minimum rank of commander. Starfleet Science works closely with the UESPA to catalogue new discoveries as well as propose and support new research into various scientific fields. Starfleet Science also maintains close links with other civilian institutes like universities and research centres to share scientific knowledge. The department is split into five sub-departments: formal science, natural science, social science, applied science and stellar cartography. All of them are led by department heads who hold the minimum rank of lieutenant commander. Starfleet Science has its main offices located in Tokyo, Japan with other facilities dotted around Earth and Mars.
Starfleet Intelligence works closely with the United Earth Commonwealth’s security services to ensure that extra-terrestrial threats that it encounters are monitored and dealt with appropriately. Starfleet Intelligence works closely with Starfleet Security too. The director of Starfleet Intelligence normally holds the minimum rank of commodore. Starfleet Intelligence operates from an underground headquarters in Cardiff, Wales.
Working closely with the Inspector General’s office, Internal Affairs ensure that there are no threats to the service from within Starfleet and ensure that all personnel act in accordance with UEC laws. The sub-department is overseen by a deputy director with a minimum rank of captain. Internal Affairs has three floors allocated to it at Starfleet Command Headquarters.
This sub-department ensures that once threats are identified to the intelligence community by other foreign spies within the UEC, measures are put into place to avoid they are removed to prevent the loss of life or damage sustained to Starfleet as well as the UEC. The deputy director for the Counterintelligence has a minimum rank of commander. The main offices for Counterintelligence are located in Moscow, Russia.
Foreign Affairs is tasked mainly with the covert overseas collection and analysis of intelligence in support of the UEC’s national security. The deputy director for this sub-department holds a minimum rank of commander. Barcelona, Spain play hosts to the main offices for Foreign Affairs.
Starfleet Security is the agency responsible in overseeing all security matters for Starfleet, its properties and its personnel. They deal with a majority of internal threats to the organisation and work closely with Starfleet Intelligence and other security forces within the UEC. The director of Starfleet Security normally holds the minimum rank of commodore. Starfleet Security has its main offices in London, along the River Thames with other buildings operating in other cities including San Francisco, Moscow and Beijing.
Special Investigations Bureau
The SIB is tasked in ensuring that any credible immediate threats to the security of the UEC and/or Starfleet are dealt with in a lawful manner. The deputy director holds a minimum rank of captain for this sub-department. The SIP does not have any particular named head offices.
Starfleet Medical is the department with Starfleet that deals with all medical and clinical matters. Its headquarters is located in San Francisco. The department is overseen by the Starfleet Surgeon General, who can hold a minimum rank of commodore.
Starfleet Teaching Hospital
Working in unison with other known higher educational training institute, the Starfleet Teaching Hospital trains all of the future nurses, medics and doctors who enrol with Starfleet. It is overseen by the Dean of the Starfleet Teaching Hospital who holds a minimal rank of commander. The Teaching Hospital is located in San Francisco.
This sub-department is overseen by a deputy director who holds the minimum rank of commander. Starfleet Medical Research uses the assets of Starfleet combined with its ties with other advanced medical research institutes to carry out the numerous projects undertaken in medical science. The Medical Research sub-department has close ties with the Interspecies Medical Exchange Program.
Judge Advocate General’s Office
The body of Starfleet that is responsible with all legal matters concerning Starfleet personnel, including courts martial. The Judge Advocate General normally holds a minimum rank of rear admiral. The main offices of the JAG are located in Helsinki, Finland.
Classes of Ships operated by Starfleet
A bulk of Starfleet’s ships were designed by the UESPA Research & Development department. As a result, a majority of Starfleet’s ships started their registry with the letter ‘N’ to distinguish them from other vessels, in particular civilian owned vessels. The letter ‘N’ was picked to establish the new fleet of the UESPA that it was creating to undertake space exploration at the turn of the twenty-second century. Since 2101, every class of ship created by the UESPA, and later Starfleet, have used the letters of the alphabet to distinguish themselves from each other. In the end the classes of ships have normally been named after their prototypes if they had been successful.
One thing the UESPA learnt early on was the build-up of baryon particles on a starship. The baryons accumulated as a natural side-effect of warp travel and generally needed to be removed every five years to keep harmful radiation from building up. Unfortunately, their Vulcan allies did not provide any insight on how to remove this build-up and it meant that many of the early ships operated by the UESPA (and later Starfleet) had short lifespans or would require heavy refits. Normal hull-life for most starships that used their warp drives often were set between twenty to forty years, depending on how much warp travel they had endured. The UESPA adopted an approach that the Earth Cargo Service had started to use and that was to create starships that were module, so when the particles became too harmful either for a crew or for the ship’s operational status they were simple destroy the module compartment and replace it with a brand new one. Replacing parts of ships became expensive though and this was seen on one of Starfleet’s most versatile design, the NC-class, later referred to as the Daedalus-class. During the 2110s decade, it was determined that the higher the warp speed and the more time spent at warp the higher the baryon build-up would become. As a result, Starfleet placed a lot of its efforts in making the Daedalus-class work. It went under a number of refits and upgrades, first with the NCA upgrade, followed by the NCB refit and the final renovation of the NCC. Each overhaul of the class was based on lessons that crews of these ships were learning as they travelled faster and longer at warp.
Through the 2120s to the 2130s, other designs for Starfleet ships were kept more mission specific based. Some were simple science vessels; others were used for surveying gas giants while several were created to help in defending Earth’s interests within its established borders. These ships rarely went past warp two and travelled for short distances. Nevertheless, Starfleet invested a lot of time in improving sub-light engines, so they were faster below the warp threshold.
One main project that Starfleet was founded to do was to lead Earth’s deep space manned exploration missions. This was created through the NX Project. NX, standing for the New EXperiment which looked at creating a new warp engine, a new class of ship and an entirely new approach to deep space assignments. The NX Project created a number of designs that Starfleet would test out until it selected an appropriate one for its new deep space explorer. By the end of 2140s, Starfleet was forced to begin retiring and decommissioning a number of its ships. As many of them were showing their age, it was hard to keep them maintained while pursuing other new projects. Just under fifty ships, by the year 2150, had been decommissioned and several more placed into mothballs to be reactivated if they were ever needed at a later date. Most of these ships that had been in active service were smaller vessels and had been prototypes for different reasons. With newer ships being designed to be more multi-mission adaptive, there was no longer a need to keep so many mission-specific vessels in service anymore. These ships were either placed in a museum or were scrapped for their raw components.
With the success of the NX Project in the early 2150s, Starfleet decided to operate a handful of classes that had been highly successful and were efficient in maintaining. These were broken down into the following categories:
- NCC-class (Daedalus)
- NR-class (Yorktown)
- NV-class (Intrepid)
- ND-class (Ganges)
- NP-class (Poseidon)
- NF-class (Freedom)
- NY-class (Neptune)
- NE-class (Sarajevo)
- NK-class (Manta Ray)
Classes of space stations operated by Starfleet
A bulk of the space stations that belong to the United Earth Commonwealth are operated by the UESPA in conjunction with other government agencies and in some cases as part of a joint effort with other races (e.g.: the Denobulans supporting the Cold Stations project). Starfleet is involved in supporting with operational and security matters on most of these bases.
The UESPA’s department of Off-world Operations, shortly after its creation, oversaw a massive clean-up operation of space junk that orbited Earth. This was mainly from various orbital satellites that were no longer in use or heavily damaged from the third world war. Other space junk included parts from old spaceships too. These were recovered and either re-used or recycled. Consequential by the year 2119, the last of the old satellites were collected. Anyone who wished to place a space station or satellite in Earth orbit had to get permission from the Off-World Operations Department to do so.
After a majority of the space junk was removed from Earth orbit, the UESPA worked hard in creating a number of orbital research stations that study different aspects of Earth and later with Starfleet did the same on many other planets throughout the Commonwealth.
The Yosemite Project was one of the most successful joint projects as it studied Earth’s ecological system and supported various agencies in ensuring that Earth’s recovery since the end of world war three did not create any more issues around climate change. Three stations were setup around the world to monitor these efforts, unfortunately Yosemite 3 was destroyed by the Xindi in 2153. It was quickly rebuilt and recommissioned in mid-2154.
Another successful research station is Jupiter Station. One of the largest stations in the Sol system, it originally was built to carry out research on the largest planet in the system but ended up being expanded to accommodate other needs including training for Starfleet and MACO personnel.
The Cold Station storage stations were built by Earth to store a number of resources off-world that were deemed highly dangerous to the public or for the interest of national security. Ten are located in the Sol System, one in the Alpha Centauri and the twelfth in the asteroid belt of the Deneva system. The latter is operated jointly with the Denobulan government as part of the Inter-species Medical Exchange Programme. Cold Station Twelve (C-12) was one of Earth’s highly classified and top-secret stations before it was ransacked by Doctor Arik Soong and Human Augments in 2154 for its entire collection of genetically engineered embryos from Earth’s Eugenics War. The entire station was heavily damaged when highly contagious viruses and bacteria were released by Soong into its environmental systems. Together the Denobulan and Earth governments repaired the station and increased its defence to prevent further break-ins in the future. Similar upgrades were promised at the other bases, but these were deferred due to the Romulan war.
Cold Stations 1 to 5 operate on the moons of Earth and Mars as well as in the main asteroid belt. They house a bulk of Earth’s fusion nuclear warheads from the third world war. Cold Station 5 to 10 are located across the moons of Jupiter. They house highly radioactive materials to dangerous chemicals and biological samples. CS-11 is built on the surface of the seventh moon of Alpha Centauri VII. It is designated to pure medical research with the Denobulan government.
Shipyards and repair facilities
A bulk of Starfleet’s ships are now built in space, whereas before the UESPA would build their ships on the ground. As of 2155, Starfleet currently operates:
- San Francisco Shipyard – operates in geo-synchronised orbit above San Francisco, Earth. There are five docks allocated to the yard all for starship construction purposes.
- Oakland Shipyard – operates in geo-synchronised orbit above Oakland, California. It has two drydocks and a repair yard.
- McKinley Station – operates in geo-synchronised orbit above Mount McKinley. It has one drydock for starship construction and three repair yards.
- Obama Repair Facility – named after the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama, it operates in geo-synchronised orbit above Chicago, the hometown of the president. It has a joint-two dock facility.
- Copernicus Shipyard – orbiting Luna, the shipyard has a single dock and a repair facility too. It mainly creates smaller support ships, like transports and shuttlepods.
- Tranquillity Base – located on the surface of Luna, the base has the facility to construct three starship and repair two.
- Proxima Shipyards – based in orbit above the Proxima colony, the shipyards have three docks.
Orbital Defence & Early Warning Detection Grids
After the Xindi attack in 2153, Starfleet worked with the Earth Global Defence Force to develop a system-wide defence program that they believed would protect the Sol system. Due to the amount of work needed to create such a system, the resources allocated to starship production were marginally assigned to this project instead. Earth’s militaries were concerned that Starfleet and the UESPA could not take on the incoming Xindi threat. Consequently, this meant that starship production from 2153-2154 drastically reduced. Starfleet also brought in a number of private contracts to assist with it too.
Come the end of 2154, Starfleet had established a set of orbiting units above Earth and Mars equipped with offensive systems, primarily pulse phase cannons and photonic torpedoes. Starfleet had also invested in the creation of several more verteron arrays, which originally were being used to assist in the terraforming of Mars. A large verteron array was placed on Luna and several others strategically placed around the Sol system. Missile silos on Earth from the third world war were re-armed too.
A sensor detection grid, which had been installed by in the 2120s, that operated on the further edges of the Sol system was also upgraded and Charon Monitoring Station was built to oversee the grid. This was completed by the end of 2145. Its main purpose was to oversee the traffic in and out of the system as well as be an early warning detection grid for any hostile vessels.
When war with the Romulan Star Empire was declared Starfleet expanded its orbital defence platforms to other systems in the Commonwealth, with only a few of them being operational by the end of 2155.
As a way to prevent black market operations from happening within the Commonwealth, trading outposts were setup by the Department of Treasury alongside the UESPA by the mid-2130s. These legitimate bases allow for private companies to trade safely and securely with non-UEC businesses. Trading Outposts were established first in the asteroid belt in the Sol system before more were built on the Neptunium moons.
The UESPA handed security and management of these bases over to Starfleet in 2147. Two years later, Starfleet announced that the Earth Cargo Services were investing into the trading outposts too. This was to prevent any more criticism that the outposts were too militaristic. The ECS took over the administration role of the bases with support from Starfleet with security and engineering matters.
The UEC Treasury places a two percent tax on those who uses these facilities for trading purposes. Alongside this they provide Earth companies with security and legal backing if there are any issues with transactions that take place on the outposts.
For a reasonable fee, certain trading outposts can provide repair and maintenance as well as other amenities for visitors to use.
Trading outposts were soon established on other Commonwealth colonies by the beginning of the 2150s.
The Starbase Project was a venture that Starfleet had started in 2148. The idea was to create a single station that could support Starfleet’s fleet in deep space with supplies, resources and repairs. These stations would be completely managed by Starfleet. The Starfleet Command Council had given the green light to begin construction of the parts for the new base in 2152. Starships were sent out to begin scouting out several possible locations. Eventually Starfleet picked the system of Berengaria. A large task force was assembled, a mixture of Starfleet ships, freighters and tugs, moved out together to begin assembling the base at the end of 2154. On February 27th, 2155, Starbase 1 was completed and officially commissioned on March 1st. Through the rest of the year Starbase 1 performed well and Starfleet decided to build two more similar bases. Parts were once again built and the same task force was prepped to move out, however with the outbreak of war, Starfleet decided to change the destination of Starbase 2. Instead of 61 Ursae Majoris system, which had been attacked by the Romulans and the colonisation efforts had been ceased, it was decided to place Starbase 2 in the Alpha Centauri system.
This pleased many on Alpha Centauri as it was a symbolic gesture to the colonists that Starfleet were serious with its defence. The parts for Starbase 3 were moved to the Eta Cassiopeia system and Starfleet built the base in orbit of Terra Nova. The base would serve the Commonwealth as a waypoint between its territory and facilitate close ties with the United Planets of Tellar. By the end of 2155 both starbases were brought online with Starfleet deciding to place the project on hold due to the war effort requiring the resources and manpower to build starships.